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How to pick the best home grain mill: A buyer’s guide for easy selection

So, you've decided to grind your own flour? That's great! Next is picking the best grain mill for your home. We give a comprehensive overview over the types to help you make the best decision for your family.

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When it comes to baking and cooking from scratch, I have found that using a home grain mill has created a world of difference in the flavor and quality of my meals. The idea of grinding my own wheat or making my own peanut butter at home has not only provided me with healthier options, but also allowed for more creativity in the kitchen. But, with numerous grain mills on the market, it can be a daunting task to choose the one that best suits your needs.

I wanted to share my experience and knowledge about selecting the perfect grain mill for your home by talking through *all the things* I wish I had known before I bought mine. We’ll explore the different types of grain mills, each with their own benefits, drawbacks, and most importantly, the ability to produce fresh, delicious flours. Factors such as size, speed, ease of use, and the types of grains you plan to mill will all play a role in finding the perfect one for your needs.

Throughout this article, I’ll help you navigate the vast world of grain mills, ensuring you find the best option to transform your home kitchen into a veritable bakery, full of delicious and healthy creations. Remember, the ideal grain mill is out there waiting for you, and I’m here to help you find it!

Understanding grain mills

When it comes to grinding whole grains at home, finding the best grain mill can be a bit of a challenge. As a home baker, I’ve tried several grain mills to better understand their features and functions, and to help make the right choice for my needs.

First off, grain mills can be categorized into two main types: manual and electric.

  • Manual grain mills require hand-cranking to operate. They are less expensive and have no power consumption, but they can be quite labor-intensive (it’s quite shocking how long it takes to grind certain grains … Hulled Barley is quick because it’s a soft grain, but others like Rye or Einkorn are hard and take much longer)
  • Electric ones use a motor to grind the grains. They are more convenient and can grind larger amounts of grains more quickly

When selecting a grain mill, it’s essential to consider the ability to grind a variety of whole grains, including various wheats (like Red, White, Kamut, Einkorn, Rye), Barley, Oats, and more. I find that mills with versatile grinding mechanisms, such as impact or stone grinding, can effectively process different grains, even gluten-free options like Rice and Quinoa.

Grinding mechanisms:

  • Stone Grinding: Mills with stone grinding systems use a pair of natural or synthetic stones to crush the grains. These mills produce a more even and fine-textured flour, which is perfect for bread making.
  • Impact Grinding: Impact mills use a series of fast-moving metal fins to break the grains into smaller pieces eventually turning them into flour. This mechanism is usually faster and louder, but it still gets the job done.

Another aspect to consider is the grain mill’s capacity and speed. I found that mills with larger hoppers can hold more grains at a time, meaning less refilling required. The grinding speed also plays a role. Faster mills can help save time when preparing large batches, but they might produce more heat which could affect the flour’s quality.

Lastly, I strongly believe that ease of cleaning and maintenance must be taken into account. A grain mill that’s easy to disassemble and clean will save me a lot of hassle in the long run.

Types of grain mills

Burr mills

In my experience, burr mills are a popular choice for grinding grains at home. They consist of two revolving abrasive surfaces, commonly made of stone or metal, that grind the grains into fine particles when the grains pass between them. These mills offer more control over the size of particles, which makes them suitable for producing various types of flours and meals.

However, stone burr mills tend to be slower and can produce more heat, possibly affecting the nutrients in the grains.

Impact mills

I find impact mills to be a good option for making bread flours. These mills use a series of rotating metal fins that move at a high speed to break down the grains into smaller pieces and eventually turning them into flour.

The method of grinding these mills employ is more energy-efficient and quicker than burr mills, but it may not be as suitable for making coarser meals.

Key factors to consider

When I’m searching for the best home grain mill, there are several key factors that I like to consider.

Type of MillManual: Requires hand-cranking, labor-intensive, no power consumption.
Electric: Uses a motor, more convenient, faster grinding.
Grinding MechanismStone Grinding: Produces even, fine-textured flour, ideal for bread making.
Impact Grinding: Fast-moving metal fins break grains into flour, quicker but possibly coarser.
Grain VarietyAbility to grind various grains including different wheats (Red, White, Kamut, Einkorn, Rye), Barley, Oats, Rice, Quinoa, etc. Versatile mills that can handle a range of grains, including gluten-free options, are preferable.
Capacity and SpeedConsider mills with larger hoppers for less refilling and the grinding speed which affects time efficiency and heat production.
Ease of CleaningA grain mill that’s easy to disassemble and clean offers convenience and longevity.
Material of BurrsCast Iron: Durable, consistent grind, requires maintenance to prevent rust.
Steel/Stainless Steel: Lightweight, rust-resistant, durable.
Stone: Ideal for fine flours, heavier, may wear over time.
Noise LevelSome mills operate louder than others. Consider the noise level if using in a shared space or sensitive to sound.
VersatilityThe ability to grind more than just wheat. Some mills offer additional features like peanut butter making or the option to crack grains.
Ease of UseIncludes factors like ease of adjusting settings, ease of operation, and maintenance.
PriceBalance the initial investment against long-term benefits and savings from milling at home.
Flour QualityConsider the texture and consistency of the flour produced, as well as its impact on the nutritional value.
Personal GoalsAlign the choice with personal goals, such as frequency of use, storage space, and specific dietary needs.

These factors will help make the decision-making process simpler and ensure that I end up with a grain mill that’s best suited to my needs.

  1. First and foremost, I look at the milling mechanism. There are two main types: stone grinding and impact grinding. Stone grinding tends to produce a finer, more consistent flour, whereas impact grinding can be quicker, but might result in a coarser texture. Knowing my preferences helps me make the right choice.
  2. Another crucial aspect is the power source. Grain mills can be either manual or electric, so I need to think about whether I prefer the hands-on experience of a manual mill or the convenience of an electric one. Keep in mind that electric mills might also produce more noise than their manual counterparts.
  3. In terms of efficiency and satisfaction, speed plays a big role. Some mills grind grains faster than others, and I need to decide whether speed is a high priority for me. A faster mill might save me time but could also generate more heat. Too much heat can affect the nutritional value of the flour, so I try to find a balance between speed and heat production.
  4. Cost is always a factor to consider, and I like to weigh the initial investment against the potential long-term savings. A high-quality grain mill can help reduce the cost of buying pre-packaged flour, while also providing me with a better shelf life and improved nutritional value.
  5. Lastly, I take into consideration the texture and quality of the flour the mill produces. I prefer mills that can provide a fine, even grind which ultimately affects the texture of my baked goods. Furthermore, I want my flour to maintain its nutritional value, so I keep an eye out for mills that are known to retain nutrients throughout the grinding process.

Materials and construction

When I was looking for the perfect grain mill for my home, I found that there are a few factors to consider in terms of materials and construction. One crucial aspect to think about is the material that the burrs or grinding plates are made from. There are typically three main types of materials used for burr construction: cast iron, steel, and stone.

  • Cast iron burrs are quite popular due to their durability and ability to produce a consistent grind. I also like that they don’t wear out as quickly as some other materials. However, they can be quite heavy and may require regular maintenance to prevent rusting.
  • On the other hand, steel burrs have two variations, which are steel and stainless steel fins. Both of these options are lightweight and resistant to rust. High-carbon stainless steel burrs are my favorite because they offer increased strength and durability, not to mention they are easier to maintain.
  • Stone burrs are great for producing very fine flours, which is essential for certain types of baking. However, they tend to be bulkier, heavier, and more prone to wear over time.

Apart from burrs, the construction of the grain mill’s exterior and grinding plates is also essential. I found that stainless steel plates are a popular option due to their durability and resistance to corrosion. Aluminum is another material used for grinding plates, but it can wear out more quickly and possibly transfer a metallic taste to your flour.

Popular grain mill brands

When it comes to home grain mills, I’ve found there are several popular brands worth considering. Each brand has its own unique features and strengths, so I’ll briefly mention some of the standout models.



WonderMill is a well-known brand in the world of grain mills. Their WonderMill Electric Grain Grinder is a fast and powerful option for those looking for high-quality flour in minutes. It’s a reliable choice for busy home bakers.


NutriMill has a range of grain mills designed for various needs. The NutriMill Classic High-Speed Grain Mill is a versatile and efficient choice that can handle different grain types. Additionally, the NutriMill Harvest Stone Grain Mill boasts beautiful design, featuring a wooden cabinet with and easy-to-use controls.


Mockmill is another reputable brand that has gained recognition for its high-quality products. The Mockmill 100 and 200 models are known for their precision and consistency in milling grains. These mills also have a sleek, modern design that would seamlessly fit into any kitchen.

Country Living

My Country Living Grain Mill, which I have permanently set up in my pantry.

The Country Living Grain Mill (which is what I use!) is a hand-powered option designed for those seeking a more self-sufficient approach to milling grains. This durable, manual mill can be an excellent choice for those looking to unplug and still enjoy fresh flour at home.

I did buy the motor for my Country Living Grain Mill and it’s made all the difference as I do NOT have time to hand-grind grain at this season in my life!

Grinding different grains

In my experience, I’ve found that grain mills are not just for grinding wheat berries. They are versatile tools that can grind a variety of dry grains, legumes, cereals, dried spices, and even some gluten-free options. Let’s explore some common grains and their uses.

  • Wheat berries: When it comes to wheat berries, grinding them at home allows me to enjoy the freshness and nutritional benefits of whole wheat flour. I love using freshly ground whole wheat flour in my bread, muffins, pancakes, and other baked goods.
  • Grains and corn: Dry grains like oats, barley, and corn are also easy to grind with a home grain mill. I’ve made oat flour by grinding rolled oats, and it’s perfect for adding to smoothies, pancakes, or cookies. Similarly, grinding corn at home allows me to create my own cornmeal or cornflour, which is great for making cornbread, tortillas, and tamales.
  • Legumes: Grinding legumes like lentils, chickpeas, or beans in a grain mill is another fantastic way to create unique flours. I’ve used chickpea flour as a gluten-free base for my pancakes, flatbreads, and even as a thickener in soups and sauces.
  • Cereal grains: Cereal grains such as rice, quinoa, and millet can be ground into flours as well, offering gluten-free alternatives for baking and cooking. I’ve used rice flour to make gluten-free cakes, cookies, and even as a substitute for wheat flour in thickening sauces. Quinoa and millet flours are also great additions to my collection of gluten-free flours for use in various recipes.
  • Spices: When it comes to dried spices, having a grain mill helps me enjoy the freshest and most potent flavors in my dishes. I enjoy grinding my own black pepper, cumin, and cinnamon for maximum aroma and taste.

In conclusion, a versatile home grain mill allows me to grind a wide range of grains, legumes, cereals, and spices for my culinary creations. As someone who enjoys freshly ground ingredients and the control over their flours’ texture and taste, investing in a quality grain mill has been a game-changer for me.

Additional features and considerations

When I choose the best home grain mill, I pay attention to several key factors. This helps me get the most out of my investment and ensures that I’m able to produce the freshest, highest-quality flour possible.

  • One of the first things that I consider is the grain mill’s horsepower. A higher horsepower allows the mill to process a larger volume of grain, which is helpful if I plan on milling frequently. Additionally, higher horsepower mills often provide more consistent results, allowing me to produce bread flour, pastry flour, and even ultra-fine flour.
  • I also make a note of the type of grinder in the grain mill. Burr grinders use two plates to grind the grain, while impact grinders (also known as micronizers) use high-speed collisions to pulverize grain kernels. I find that burr grinders often produce a more consistent meal texture, which is helpful when I’m working with delicate pastries. However, impact grinders tend to be faster and quieter, which might be more beneficial in a busy kitchen.
  • Do you want the option for an electricity-free mill? If yes, opt for a grain mill with a hand crank. (My Country Living Grain Mill gives me the option to use a motor or the hand crank.) This type of mill is usually portable and can be easily stored away when not in use. Hand-cranked mills are also more reliable during power outages and allow me to slow down the milling process to protect delicate enzymes in freshly milled flour. I find it therapeutic to hand grind my grains and enjoy the sense of control it gives me.
  • When it comes to noise levels, I think about how much noise I’m willing to tolerate. Some mills are louder than others, and if I’m working in a shared space or have sensitive ears, a quieter option might be more suitable.
  • It’s also important for me to consider the versatility of my grain mill and if you want to mill more than just wheat. Some mills can double as wheat grinders, while others can even produce peanut butter. Combination mills offer the ability to both grind and crack grain, allowing me to experiment with various textures and flavors in my baked goods.
  • On top of all these features, I also prioritize the ease of use and maintenance of my grain mill. If I can easily adjust the settings for meal texture and clean the parts after use, it makes the overall milling experience more enjoyable and efficient.
  • Lastly, when choosing the best grain mill for my needs, I make sure that the option I pick aligns with my personal goals. Freshly ground flour not only tastes better but also lacks the additives often found in store-bought flour. Investing in a good quality grain mill enables me to create healthier, more delicious breads and pastries with minimal effort, but I need to be able to use it often. If it’s big, if I need to store it in the garage or basement because I can’t store it in my kitchen, etc.–these are all things to take into consideration. It has to be usable or you won’t use it!


After extensively researching the different grain mills available for home use, I can say that picking the best one for your needs largely depends on your preferences and requirements. From my experience, a burr grinding mill is a good choice if you want super fine flour for bread making, as it creates a lighter and finer texture.

I also want to emphasize the importance of buying a grain mill for home use. Having one can save you money on specialty flours and provide a better flavor in your breads and pastries.

Frequently asked questions

What factors should I consider when choosing a home grain mill?

When I’m choosing a home grain mill, I consider factors such as the type of mill (stone burr, metal burrs, or impact), size and capacity, ease of use, settings for flour coarseness, price, as well as power source (manual or electric). Additionally, I think about the grain mills’ noise level, durability, and maintenance requirements.

How do different types of grain mills impact flour consistency?

There are mainly three types of grain mills: stone burr, metal burr, and impact mills. Stone burr mills crush the grains between two stones, resulting in a flour with a finer, more consistent texture. Metal burr mills use metal plates to crush the grains, producing a coarser flour. Impact mills, on the other hand, use fast-moving metal fins to break the grains, creating a flour consistency that tends to be finer than burr mills but may still have variations in particle size.

Which grain mills are most suitable for small home use?

For small home use, I would recommend looking for compact countertop grain mills that are easy to use and clean, have a reasonable capacity, and offer adjustable settings for flour coarseness. Some popular options include the NutriMill Classic, the WonderMill, and the Mockmill. Each has its unique features and advantages, so it’s essential to research and compare them before making a decision.

What is the maintenance required for various grain mills?

Maintenance requirements can vary depending on the type of grain mill. Stone burr mills may require occasional cleaning and stone replacement. Metal burr mills should have their burrs inspected and replaced if they become worn, whereas impact mills need regular inspection and replacement of their metal fins. In general, it’s essential to keep grain mills clean, free of debris, and well-lubricated for smooth operation.

How do the top grain mill brands compare?

There are several top grain mill brands, such as WonderMill, NutriMill, and Mockmill. Each of these brands offers different models with varying features, capacities, and price points. To compare them, I would suggest looking into customer reviews, considering factors such as milling speed, flour consistency, ease of use, and durability. It’s essential to find a model that best fits my specific needs and preferences.

Are manual or electric grain mills more energy efficient?

Manual grain mills tend to be more energy efficient because they don’t require electricity to operate. However, they can be more labor-intensive and time-consuming to use. On the other hand, electric grain mills are more convenient and faster but consume electricity, which may contribute to a higher energy bill. In my experience, it’s crucial to weigh the pros and cons of each type and decide based on individual needs and preferences.